This study examined the influence of gender, Familial Factor’s (Parental Assistance and Family Size) on mathematics achievement. The population of this study consists of 793 males and 334 females from 14 secondary schools of Central Uttar Pradesh (India). The Mathematics Achievement Test and A Personal and Familial Background assessment Questionnaire were used for data collection, while t-test used for statistical analysis. The results of the analysis showed that the male students as well as female students were equally good in mathematics achievement. The results revealed that parental assistance is related to performance of their children in math. The results also explained the relationship between student’s achievement and their family size. Children of smaller family size have got significantly higher achievement in math than the children of larger family size.
Key Words: Mathematics Achievement, Gender, Parental Assistance and Family Size.
Over the last fifty years, Buddhist studies have grown into a complex field, with historical, philosophical, linguistic and socio-cultural aspects which are being studied independently as well as in comparative light. New materials came to the light in the last century which has created the need for sustained research in this important chapter of human history and civilization. Buddhism from its inception has a religion that captured the enthusiasm of the rich and poor alike. It was a religion that preached a way out of suffering in a simple and direct manner which could be understood by the common man. Unlike the Brahmanism that had become too recondite and scholarly for the masses to understand the Buddhism fulfilled the spiritual needs of the people. Every person could work their way towards enlightenment. Its notions of social equality earned it much success. The establishment of the Sangha gave it strength. As it was a proselytizing religion it spread quickly and flourished for centuries. By the beginning of first millennium, Buddhism has been firmly established in the area of Thailand, Burma, Java and Cambodia. Buddhism develops art and architectures as visual aids for propagation of the religious ideas in South-east Asia. Buddhist stylistic arts have given the great impacts on the religious and secular life of the people in those related areas for more than two millenniums and thus Buddhism had created a great current of art in south-east Asia. Under this artistic trend, many valuable art works created and gave rise to emerge a special social phenomenon. Thus, the paper focuses on the influence and impact of Indian Buddhist art on south-east Asian art and the dimensions of Buddhist art in south-east Asian culture. This paper also compares the Buddhist art in the homeland of Buddhism with those in other Buddhist countries in south-east Asia and examines the dissemination of Buddhism through art and Architecture.
Key Words: Buddhism, Buddhist art and architecture, Early South-east Asian culture South-east Asia.
The present paper is a linguistic analysis of the simple past tense (sādhāraņ atīt) according to the traditional nomenclature) in Bengali. The study of tense forms in traditional Bengali grammar has mainly been confined to the morphological level. The semantic significance of different tense forms has never been studied in a systematic way. There is a great discrepancy in the tense system as has been defined in traditional Bengali grammar and as it functions in real life. We have chosen one tense form viz. simple past (sādhāraņ atīt) to highlight this discrepancy. In this study we have illustrated various uses of this tense form which have been completely ignored by traditional grammarians. Having demonstrated the different past and non-past use of this verb form, we have established that the unifying factor is the aspectual nature of this tense form. We have highlighted the importance of aspect of verb, the study of which had not been taken up by the traditional grammar.
Key Words: Traditional grammar, Past tense, Past use, Non-past use, Aspect.
Since then, the United States and Republic of China have set about implementing the common interest of both countries. Top American and Chinese officials have exchanged visits and institutionalized their exchanges on major strategic and economic issues. Military-to-military contacts have been restarted, opening an important channel of communication. And at the unofficial level, so-called track-two groups have explored possible evolutions of the U.S.-Chinese relationship.
Yet as cooperation has increased, so has controversy. Significant groups in both countries claim that a contest for supremacy between China and the United States is inevitable and perhaps already under way. In this perspective, appeals for U.S.-Chinese cooperation appear outmoded and even naive.
The mutual recriminations emerge from distinct yet parallel analyses in each country. Some American strategic thinkers argue that Chinese policy pursues two long-term objectives: displacing the United States as the preeminent power in the western Pacific and consolidating Asia into an exclusionary bloc deferring to Chinese economic and foreign policy interests. In this conception, even though China’s absolute military capacities are not formally equal to those of the United States; Beijing possesses the ability to pose unacceptable risks in a conflict with Washington and is developing increasingly sophisticated means to negate traditional U.S. advantages. Its invulnerable second-strike nuclear capability will eventually be paired with an expanding range of antiship ballistic missiles and asymmetric capabilities in new domains such as cyberspace and space. China could secure a dominant naval position through a series of island chains on its periphery, some fear, and once such a screen exists, China’s neighbors, dependent as they are on Chinese trade and uncertain of the United States’ ability to react, might adjust their policies according to Chinese preferences. Eventually, this could lead to the creation of a Sino centric Asian bloc dominating the western Pacific. The most recent U.S. defense strategy report reflects, at least implicitly, some of these apprehensions.
Key Words: American strategic, Sino centric Asian bloc, .U.S.-Chinese relationship.
Through this paper on attempt is taken to carry out a critical study on organizational set-up and management system of a few selected self-help groups of Darrang district. With a view to systematizing the discussion on the topic referred to here the entire paper to divided in to three parts. The first part entitled “Theoretical Approach” includes an introduction, meaning of self-help groups, objectives and methodology of the study. The second part entitled “Self-Help Groups and their Organizational set-up and management system” is a comprehensive study, where a few selected self-help group Darrang District are critically analyzed to depict their prevailing position. The third part entitled “Conclusion” provides some finding and recommendation.
Key Words: Organization set-up, self-help group, management system.